When do kids learn colors?

When should your child learn colors and how to teach them

Every parent wonders about their child’s well-being and development. Everything they do makes the parent wonder if the child’s development is on the right track. You have a thousand questions in your mind. You want to know if your child is growing up well or needs some help. You point out things to help them learn and aid in their development. One such thing that parents constantly worry about is when do kids learn about colors.

At what age do kids know colors? When should your toddler start learning about colors and shapes? Recognizing colors and shapes are an important part of your child’s early development. Most children learn to see colors in infancy, especially brighter colors. Usually, your baby’s ability to see color develops by the time they’re about 4 months old. You’ll notice that your baby loves bright colored objects. Seeing these bright colors are actually good for your baby, it’ll help them discern colors as they grow up. 

So, when do kids learn colors?

Most kids learn to recognize colors between the ages of 18 months and 2 years. At this age, they’re curious and learning everything about the big world they live in. They’re like little sponges, who will absorb all the information you give them. While they don’t really understand the concept of, they’ll be able to tell the different colors apart at this age. 

According to The Centers for Disease Control, a 4-year-old child should know multiple colors. But that doesn’t mean you should force your child to learn them all. Some kids learn the colors faster, but some others will need some more help and persuasion. If your child can recognize at least two or three colors, you know they’re on the right track developmentally. 

Different facets of learning colors

If you’re worried about your child not learning colors like other kids, you need to also consider the different facets of learning colors. It might seem straightforward to you, but it’s more than just memorizing the names of colors. When you call out a color’s name, your child should be able to identify and match the corresponding color. For example: If you call out the color yellow, your child should be able to put two yellow objects together. 

Another thing to keep in mind is you need to ensure that your child isn’t confused between a color and an object. So it is important to use the color’s name both before and after the noun. Explain to your child that the color describes the object. For example: If you point at a blue pen, you need to explain that the pen is blue in colour. Then tell the child that it’s a “blue pen” and “the pen is blue” to differentiate between the color and the object. 

Here are some great ways to teach your child about colors.

The world is full of colors, which makes it easier for your child to learn the different colors. However, different colors and their names could be confusing for a child. Start with the primary colors, this will help your child identify the different gradients later. Here are a few ways you can help your child learn colors.

  1. Primary colors
  2. When you’re teaching your child to identify colors, it’s best to start with the basics. Let them learn to recognize the primary colors first. If you start with all colors, the several different colors on the gradient might confuse them. For example: Start by placing two red toys in front of your child. Explain that the two objects in front of them are toys and the color red describes both the toys. Repeat this activity with the other primary colors until your child knows them all.

  3. Sorting toys
  4. Sorting is a great way to introduce your child to the world of colors. You will want to start with the primary colors again so that the child doesn’t get confused. Take 3 large boxes and label them red, yellow and blue. It also helps if the boxes are also in the same colors. Spread a few red, yellow and blue toys in front of the boxes. You can start the game to help your child. First pick up a red toy and put it in the red box, then pick a yellow toy and put in the yellow box and finally put a blue toy in the blue box. Now ask your child to sort them according to their color.

  5. Painting
  6. Painting is another great way to help your child learn colors. Little kids are very creative and love to express themselves. So, give the little artists a free rein and let them paint. Introduce them to one color at a time and teach them to say the name before the painting starts. You can gradually add more colors to their painting sessions as they learn the names of more colors.

  7. Colors around them
  8. The world around us is a kaleidoscope of colors, so you won’t need special equipment to teach your child about colors. From mealtimes to playtimes, there are opportunities to learn about color everywhere. Point out the different colors in their lunch or dinner. For example: green beans, yellow corn, red strawberries, purple cabbage, etc. Ask your child to name the colors of different objects during playtime. For example: green leaves, blue sky, white clouds, etc.

  9. Dressing up
  10. Another great opportunity to teach kids about colors is when they’re dressing up. Allow your child to choose their outfits and name the colors. For example: green shirt and black pants.

Don’t fret about when do kids learn colors

Each kid is different and they all learn at different paces. So don’t worry about when your child should learn colors or the right age for learning colors. Start teaching them early, but don’t push them. Let them gradually understand what colors are before they name the colors. As they grow, their exposure to colors increases. They’ll naturally learn about them when they hear and see more colors.

Check out these activities on Osmo that’ll help in your kids learningPuzzles for Toddlers, Activities for 1-year-olds, Activities for 2-year-olds & Learning colors for toddlers