Science Experiments for Kids to Do at Home
Science is most fun when you can see its magic right in front of your eyes. There are a lot of “scientific” things that we can do in our homes and get amazed!
Here we have some exciting and easy science experiments for kids which you can do at home:
Just ensure that all these experiments occur under the supervision of adults.
Here is one of the most fun and easy science experiments for kids that you must try.
What you need: a Magnifying glass, paper and sunlight
How to do the experiment: Place the magnifying glass above the piece of paper such that the sunlight falls directly on the paper through the lens. Adjust the magnifying glass above the paper such that a very small circle is formed on the paper.
This would mean that the sunlight is getting concentrated at that circular point.
After some time, the paper starts to burn right from that circular point.
This is a cool science experiment for kids at home. This experiment is based on electrostatics.
What you need: a plastic comb, a paper
How to do the experiment: Cut the paper into small pieces. Now, bring the comb near to the pieces of paper. Nothing happens.
Now, comb your hair with that comb for some time.
Bring the comb near the paper pieces. You will see the pieces start sticking to the comb.
What you need: an apple, lemon, vinegar
How to do the experiment: Cut an apple into four pieces. Put the first piece on a plate. Toss the second piece in some lemon juice. Pour vinegar on the third piece of apple. Put the fourth piece into plain water.
After some time, you would see that the first piece will turn brown.
The second piece will not turn brown.
The third piece of apple might have some brown dots on the surface.
The fourth piece will have some brownish effect on the surface but not much.
This happens because these liquids prevent the surface of the apple from getting into direct contact with oxygen in the air.
What you need: Milk in a container, food coloring, an old pen/toothpick, liquid soap
How to do the experiment: Add a few drops of food coloring into milk. You would see that the drops of the food coloring stay on the top intact.
Now, put some liquid soap on the tip of the pen/toothpick and touch the food coloring with it. You will see that food coloring begins to swirl around.
This is because the surface tension is disturbed and broken by the soap.
What you need: paper, a pen and glass
How to do the experiment: Take an empty glass and put it on the table. Write any number on the piece of paper, for example, 100. Paste this paper on a wall such that the paper is at a small distance from the glass.
Look at the number through the glass. You will see 100.
Next, fill water in the glass and look at the paper through the glass now.
You will see 001!
What you need: 2 balloons, syringe, water, candle
How to do the experiment: Light the candle. Bring an inflated balloon near the flame of the candle. The balloon will burst.
Now, fill some water into another uninflated balloon. Inflate the balloon and bring it near the flame of the candle. The balloon will not burst this time!
An egg will easily break if you throw it on a hard surface. Can you create a bouncy egg? Here is a cool science experiment to do at home for kids that will help you do so!
What you need: egg, glass, vinegar
How to do the experiment: Put the egg into a glass. Now fill the glass with vinegar. Keep it like that for 24 hours.
Post 24 hours, take out the egg from the vinegar. You will find the egg to be bouncy.
What you need: a candle, glass, a play and water
How to do the experiment: Put some water on the surface of the plate. Put the glass upside down on the plate. Nothing happens.
Now, remove the glass and put a candle in the centre of the plate. Light the candle. Put the glass upside down such that the candle is inside the glass. You will find that the water from the plate starts collecting inside the glass and the water level rises.
What you need: 2 balloons, a needle, a tape
How to do the experiment: Inflate a balloon and prick it with the needle. It will burst.
Now, inflate the other balloon and tape it around. Prick the needle. Rather than bursting, it will just start leaking air.
What you need: an inflated balloon
How to do the experiment: Rub the balloon on your hair. Turn on the tap and bring the balloon close to the tap water. You will find water getting attracted to the balloon and changing its normal course.
What you need: baking soda, sandwich bag and vinegar
How to do the experiment: Take water in the sandwich bag. Put baking soda and vinegar into it.
What you need: 2 cardboards, a source of light (torch)
How to do the experiment: Switch on the torch and sit a little far from the torch. Keep two cardboards in between such that the light from the torch is blocked by the cardboard. Remember that you, the cardboards and torch should be in the same line.
Now, play music on your phone and keep it next to the torch.
You will not be able to see the light coming from the torch but will still be able to hear the sound coming from the phone.
This is because the sound waves travel in different directions but light does not.
What you need: litmus paper, lemon, baking soda
How to do the experiment: When you put litmus paper into lemon juice, the paper will turn red.
But the same litmus paper when put into baking soda solution becomes blue.
This is because lemon juice is acidic in nature while baking soda solution is a base.
Litmus paper turns red when it comes in contact with acids and turns blue when it is dipped into a base.
What you need: baking soda, orange
How to do the experiment: Cut the orange into slices and put some baking soda on it. Now, put it in your mouth. You will feel lots of little bubbles getting developed inside your mouth.
This simple science experiment for kids at home shows the reaction between an acid and a base.
Orange has citric acid and baking soda is a base. Mixing them together results in the creation of carbon dioxide bubbles.
What you need: steel scale, wax, table, candle
How to do the experiment: Put a steel scale horizontally on a table such that one end of the scale ( end B) is in the air. On the other end of the scale (end A), which is on the table, put a little piece of wax.
Now, light a candle and place it under end B, such that the flame heats up the scale.
After some time, the wax on end A starts to melt.
This happens because steel is a good conductor of heat and it lets the heat travel from one end to the other.
What you need: sand, salt, water, 2 glasses
How to do the experiment: Take two glasses full of water. Put salt into the first glass and stir it. After some time, it will dissolve.
In the second glass of water, put sand and stir. The sand does not dissolve.
This experiment shows that salt is water-soluble while sand is not.
What you need: a torch, cardboard, butter paper, a sheet of glass
How to do the experiment: Switch on the torch. Put the cardboard in between you and torch (with all three in the same line). You will not be able to see any light.
Now, remove the cardboard and place butter paper instead.
You will be able to see light partially.
Now, remove the butter paper and put the sheet of glass instead.
You will now be able to see the light coming from the torch completely.
This happens so because cardboard is opaque, butter paper is translucent and the sheet of glass is transparent.
What you need: a stick or pipe
How to do the experiment: Fix the stick on the ground in the morning. You will see the shadow of the stick is long and slant.
At noon, the shadow will be straight and very small.
In the early evening, you will see the shadow is again long and slant (in the opposite direction).
This is because this shadow is formed due to sunlight and the sun is directly over the head at noon.
What you need: water, container
How to do the experiment: Heat water in a container. You will see steam rising above the surface of the water. This happens because of the process of evaporation.
Now cover the container with a plate and let the water cool down for some time. You would find tiny drops of water on the inner surface of the plate. This is condensation.
What you need: rocks, matchstick, glass jar, water
How to do the experiment: Pour some water in the glass jar. Put rocks/stones into the jar. Then put a matchstick into the jar. Shake the jar.
You will see that all the rocks settle at the bottom but the matchstick stays floating in the water.
This is because the heavier substances settle down and the lighter ones float in the water.
We hope that you try these amazing science experiments for kids at home and kids get to learn lots of new things.