Learning to read is obviously difficult for preschoolers. There are many steps and strategies involved to make preschoolers able to read. Before we get into details of sight words, it is important to know what are sight words for preschoolers. Preschool sight words are the commonly used words that appear often in a text. Sight words are basically high-frequency words. These are usually small words that are easy to recognize. However, some difficult-to-read words are also there in the preschool sight words list, for example, good, from, what, etc.
Preschoolers often find it difficult to remember words by their phonics. Many words cannot be figured out by sounding them out. Therefore, knowing words by sight is a good tactic by which preschoolers can be taught commonly used words. Preschool children need to memorize sight words as a whole so that they can recognize them immediately. For preschoolers who begin to read, they are introduced to the preschool sight word worksheets.
Advantages of Sight Words
Many sight words do not follow the basic phonics principle which is why they cannot be sounded out. Preschoolers who are beginning to learn words need an effective technique to decode unfamiliar words. This is where sight words come into the picture. Some of the advantages of preschool sight words are:
- Sight words boost confidence: Once a kid has mastered the list of sight words, they can easily recognize half of the sentence. The ability to read and recognize words boosts confidence among preschoolers.
- Sight words promote reading comprehension: Knowledge of sight words improves the understanding of the texts. When preschoolers open the book for the first time, they can focus on the words they are not familiar with rather than trying to decipher the meaning of all the words.
- Sight words give clues to understand the texts: Preschool children may be able to decode the entire paragraph if they are familiar with the sight words.
- Sight words improve learning: Being familiar with sight words is an effective technique to decode unknown words. This, in turn, will improve the learning abilities of children.
Characteristics of Sight Words
Now that we are familiar with the advantages of sight words, we can move to the properties of sight words. The salient features of sight words are given below:
- Sight words are high-frequency words that occur often in the texts.
- It is difficult to explain sight words with the help of pictures. For example, words like ‘the’, ‘Am’, ‘or’, ‘it’, etc. are difficult to be expressed through images.
- Most of the sight words are helping verbs, pronouns, prepositions, conjunction, adverbs, etc.
- Sight words are not very consistent in terms of their pronunciation. Some words follow the rule of phonetics while others don’t. For example, ‘go’ and ‘to’ are pronounced differently.
- Sight words are used to make sentences meaningful.
The main idea of preschool sight words is to incorporate some most used words in the dictionary of a preschooler.
Why parents must teach their children sight words
Sight words help preschoolers in building vocabulary. Sight words are the set of words that kids need to learn before they start building vocabulary for more complex words. Sight words also help preschoolers in learning how to pronounce certain words.
Preschool sight word activities improve reading. Reading can only happen when children know at least the basic words. The sight words must be incorporated into kids learning such that they can read without much difficulty.
Sight words not only polish reading skills but also improve writing skills. Kids who have knowledge of sight words would be able to write better.
How to teach sight words to preschoolers
Parents must make learning sight words a fun activity for their kids. Given below are some of the ways to teach sight words to a preschooler:
- Use alphabet cut-outs or magnets: Get your child alphabet magnets or simply use colorful alphabet cut-outs. Help your child spell sight words using the cutouts or the magnets.
- Repeat the sight words regularly: Parents can help their child memorize the sight words by writing or reading sight words regularly. With regular practice, they will be able to remember the sight words perfectly.
- Find the sight words in a book: Sight words are high-frequency words. Give your child a storybook and ask them to find the sight words in a story.
- Help kids read out the sight words loudly: Reading out sight words loudly will help your child remember them for a long time.
You can find free printable preschool sight words online. For more details on sight words, visit what are sight words.
Given below are some of the sight words kids must learn: