Names of Animals

Humans are not the only living beings on this planet. We share the world we live in with plants and animals. Like humans, each animal is different; some can swim, some can fly, and some can run at very high speeds. Children learn to interact with and mimic animals from a young age. Teaching children the names of animals helps them learn more about each animal and its different characteristics.

Before you teach animal names to kids, help them learn about the classification of animals. This also sets a strong foundation for science learning later in their education. In addition to this, learning the names of animals also enhances the child’s vocabulary and language skills. To help you get started, we’ve put together a list of animal names and how they are classified.

In this article, explore:

Classification of Animals

All animals in the world are classified into two main types: vertebrates and invertebrates. The invertebrates, which are animals without a backbone, are mainly spiders and insects. The vertebrates, which are animals with a spinal cord, are further divided into mammals, birds, fish, reptiles and amphibians. Read on to find a list of names of animals from each group.

List of Animal Names 

Here is a list of names of animals to help your little ones learn more about the creatures they share the world with. Along with their vocabulary and language skills, this knowledge also helps them get more in touch with nature and how to coexist with animals. 

Names of Animals: Mammals

Mammals are animals that give birth to their young ones and feed and nourish them. Here is a list of common mammals. Most mammals live on land, but some mammals like dolphins and whales live in water, and some mammals like bats can fly.

  1. Dog
Names of Animals
  1. Cat
Names of Animals
  1. Sheep
Names of Animals
  1. Cow
Names of Animals
  1. Rabbit
Names of Animals
  1. Horse
Names of Animals
  1. Kangaroo
Names of Animals
  1. Elephant
Names of Animals
  1. Tiger
Names of Animals
  1. Lion
Names of Animals
  1. Leopard
Names of Animals
  1. Bear
Names of Animals
  1. Wolf
Names of Animals
  1. Fox
Names of Animals
  1. Dolphin
Names of Animals
  1. Whale
Names of Animals
  1. Platypus
Names of Animals
  1. Goat
Names of Animals
  1. Donkey
Names of Animals
  1. Pig
Names of Animals
  1. Deer
Names of Animals
  1. Monkey
Names of Animals
  1. Reindeer
Names of Animals
  1. Mongoose
Names of Animals
  1. Squirrel
Names of Animals

Download Free Names of Animals: Mammals PDF

Animal Names: Birds

Birds are animals that have feathers on their body and can fly. But, not all birds can fly. Some birds like ostriches, emu etc., are flightless birds. Unlike mammals, birds lay eggs to give birth to their young ones. Here is a list of names of some birds.

  1. Eagle
Names of Animals
  1. Pigeon
Names of Animals
  1. Crow
Names of Animals
  1. Dove
Names of Animals
  1. Peacock
Names of Animals
  1. Chicken
Names of Animals
  1. Turkey
Names of Animals
  1. Duck
Names of Animals
  1. Goose
Names of Animals
  1. Sparrow
Names of Animals

Download Free Animal Names: Birds PDF

Animal Names: Reptiles

Reptiles are cold-blooded animals that have scaly skin. While they are born on land, some reptiles can survive in water too. Here is a list of names of some commonly known reptiles.

  1. Turtles
Names of Animals
  1. Snakes
Names of Animals
  1. Lizards
Names of Animals
  1. Crocodiles
Names of Animals
  1. Alligators
Names of Animals

Download Free Animal Names: Reptiles PDF

Names of Animals: Fish

Fish are animals that live in water and have gills, scales and fins on their body, and they’re also called aquatic animals. Like birds, fish also lay eggs to give birth to their young ones. Here is a list of some fish.

  1. Shark
  2. Goldfish
  3. Angelfish
  4. Tuna
  5. Bass
  6. Barracuda
  7. Carp
  8. Calamari
  9. Seahorse
  10. Salmon

Names of Animals: Amphibians

Amphibians are animals that live both in land and water. They’re born in water with gills, but when they grow up, they develop lungs, which help them breathe on land too. Here is a list of names of some common amphibians.

  1. Frogs
  2. Toads
  3. Newts
  4. Salamanders

Animal Classification According to Their Food Habits

Animals are further divided into three groups based on what they eat. Animals that eat only plants are called herbivores, and animals that eat the meat of other animals are called carnivores. Animals that eat both plants and meat are called omnivores. Here is a list of animal names that are herbivores, carnivores and omnivores.

Herbivores: Elephant, cow, reindeer, sheep, goat, rabbit, beaver, camel, deer, donkey, horse, ape, zebra, giraffe, llama etc.

Carnivores: Lion, tiger, leopard, wolf, fox, polar bear, cheetah, bear, hyena, otter, seal, sharks, crocodile, alligator, puma etc.

Omnivores: Humans, coyotes, bears, birds, dogs, raccoons, foxes, hedgehogs, badgers, skunks etc.

We hope you found this list of names of animals useful. For more activities, games and worksheets that make learning fun, check our kids learning section.

Frequently Asked Questions on Names of Animals

How are animals classified?

Animals are classified or categorized into different groups according to their characteristics and food habits. The two main categories are vertebrates and invertebrates. Vertebrates are further classified into mammals, birds, reptiles, fish and amphibians. Animals are also classified based on what they eat. Herbivores are animals that only eat plants, fruits, vegetables and nuts. Carnivorous animals eat the meat of other animals, and omnivores eat both plants and animals.

What are some common names of animals in each category?

Mammals: Dog, cat, pig, sheep, elephant, tiger, kangaroo, dolphin, bat, whale, deer etc.
Birds: Eagle, crow, raven, sparrow, pigeon, ostrich, chicken, peacock, penguin etc.
Reptiles: Snakes, lizards, crocodiles, alligators etc.
Amphibians: frogs, toads, newts, salamanders etc.

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