How to Make a Volcano for Kids

As it is in every child’s nature to observe their surroundings and experiment with things that catch their attention, science experiments are the best way to ensure your child has thoroughly learned an important concept. 

Read our article on how to make a volcano for kids!

Volcano Science Project Materials

For your volcano science project, you’ll need the following materials:

  • 100 ml of warm water
  • 10 ml of dish soap
  • 400 ml of white vinegar
  • Empty 2-liter soda bottle
  • Food coloring
  • Baking soda slurry

How to Make a Homemade Volcano

Wondering how to make a homemade volcano? It’s pretty simple. Here are a few steps to follow for your volcano science experiment:

Step 1: Pour some dish soap, water, white vinegar, and food coloring into your empty soda bottle.

Step 2: Mix your baking soda slurry thoroughly with a spoon, until it’s in liquid form.

Step 3: Lastly, pour this slurry into your bottle and observe how it erupts! Your volcano science experiment is ready.

Learn the Science Behind the Volcano Eruption Experiment

What did you learn from the volcano eruption experiment? You learned that, when vinegar and baking soda mix together, they formed a chemical reaction where carbon dioxide was created.

Fact: In order to make carbonation in soda, carbon dioxide is used. When you shake soda, you observe how quickly it releases through the opening in the bottle because there’s not enough room inside.

5 Creative Ways to Make a Volcano at Home

Now that you know the science behind volcano eruptions, here are 5 more ways in which you can make a volcano at home!

Tape Volcano

Materials required:

  • Vinegar
  • Tall plastic container
  • Baking soda
  • Acrylic paints
  • Plastic plate
  • Tape

Instructions: For this baking soda vinegar volcano, first tape the top of your tall plastic container to the side of your plastic plate. The plate serves as the base for your volcano. Continue to add tape around your container in this fashion. Paint your ‘volcano’ with acrylic paint. (We recommend using brown paint) Once you’re done making your volcano, add a few drops of baking soda and vinegar inside the volcano and watch it erupt! You could even mix some food coloring to make the eruption look more aesthetically pleasing.

Ice Volcano

Materials required:

  • Plastic wrap
  • Balls
  • Small bowls

Instructions: Learn how to make a volcano step by step! For this ice volcano, first, place a ball (that doesn’t float) at the bottom of each bowl. Line each of these bowls with plastic wrap. Next, add a mixture of baking soda, water, and food coloring to these bowls so that they completely cover the ball underneath. Place these bowls inside your fridge for some time. Once they’re frozen, pry out your ‘volcano’ from the bowls and add a squirt of vinegar inside. You’ll observe how it erupts!

Sand Volcano

Materials required:

  • Sand
  • 1 tbsp baking soda
  • 2 cups vinegar
  • Funnel
  • Empty plastic bottle
  • Red/orange food coloring

Instructions: How do you make a volcano in your backyard? Here’s how. First, place your empty plastic bottle in a mound of sand. Use your funnel to add some baking soda into the bottle. Mix some food coloring and vinegar together and pour this mixture inside the bottle too, and watch your volcano erupt!

Mini Volcanoes

Materials required:

  • Egg carton
  • Scissors
  • Baking soda
  • Vinegar
  • Food coloring

Instructions: Here’s how to make a volcano for kids using an egg carton. Cut out the bottom of each egg holder in your egg carton and flip it over. You’ll notice that each slot now looks like a mini volcano. Pour some baking soda inside each slot. Then, add some colored vinegar solution (vinegar + food coloring) into the slot. You can create several different-colored eruptions in this manner.

Newspaper Volcano

Materials required:

  • Newspaper
  • Cardboard
  • Large plastic bottle
  • Cellulose adhesive
  • Paint
  • Scissors

Instructions: Make a volcano at home using newspaper! First, place a bottle in the middle of your cardboard base. Apply the adhesive paste all over the cardboard and stick crumpled newspaper on it. Then, stick newspaper around your bottle too, and paint the entire structure any colors you like. You might need to leave it for a couple of hours or days for the paint to completely set. Next, paint more colors around the lid of your bottle/volcano to make it look like it’s erupting! To actually watch your volcano erupt, pour in some baking soda, vinegar, and food coloring into the bottle.

We hope you enjoy making these volcano science projects with your little one. The experiments not only hone their understanding of Science but also instill in them a sense of creativity and imagination. Speaking of creativity, check out Osmo’s digital-physical games in the Creative Starter Kit! With Monster, Masterpiece, and Newton, the more your children play, the more they learn.

For more fun kids learning games and activities, check the rest of our website!