Help your little child learn the easiest of the multiplication tables, the 5 times table
A primary school kid is expected to know the 5 times table. After learning the 2 times table, 3 times table and 4 times tables, learning the 5 times table will be a breeze for your kid. Most parents and teachers teach children the 2, 5 and 10 multiplication tables because they’re easy to learn. The patterns in these tables are quite easy and this helps children understand and learn the tables quickly.
Learning how to multiply by 5 is very easy and most kids pick up the knowledge quickly. Here are some tips and tricks to make it easier and more fun to help your child learn to multiply by 5.
First, let’s have a look at the 5 times multiplication table
Remember it always ends with 0 or 5
Multiplying by 5 is pretty straightforward. Look at the table above. Whatever number you multiply the number 5 with, you’ll always end up with 0 or 5 at the end. For example: If you multiply 5 by 4, you need to add 5 four times. So, 5X4 = 5+5+5+5, which is equal to 20. Another example: When you multiply 5 by 5, you add 5 five times. So 5X5 = 5+5+5+5+5, which is equal to 25.
A good way to remember this is to teach your child that all multiples of 5 must end in 0 or 5. Explain to the child that when you multiply 5 by an odd number, the answer always ends with 5. And when you multiply 5 by an even number, the answer ends with 0. For example, when you multiply 5 by 2, an even number, you get 10. 5X2 = 10. And when you multiply 5 by 3, an odd number, the answer is 15. 5X3 =15.
Counting up in 5s
Another trick to get your child to learn the 5 times multiplication table is to teach them to count in 5s. You can use real objects like building blocks or legos to make it easier for them to understand. Have your child count and stack the blocks or legos in multiples of 5. Then explain to your child how each number of blocks in a stack is a multiple of the number 5. With time and practice, your child will be able to tell you what multiple of 5 a particular stack of blocks is. For example, if you point to the stack with 35 blocks, your child should tell you that it is 5 times 7.
Learning through a rhythm
Does your child still find it difficult to learn the 5 times table? Let’s try the rhythm trick to learn the multiples of 5. One of the best ways to learn the 5 times multiplication table is reciting the multiples of 5 in parrot-fashion.
Five- Ten- Fifteen-Twenty-Twenty-Five-Thirty-Thirty-Five- Forty- Forty-Five- Fifty.
Recite this in a rhythm repeatedly with your child to help them learn how to multiply by 5 faster.
Multiplying by 10 and halving
Has your child mastered the 10 times tables? Then you can use this method to teach your child how to multiply by 5 easily. First, explain to your child that 5 is half of 10. So you multiply any number by 10 and then halve the answer to work out the 5 times multiplication table.
For example: 5X1 = 5
But it can also be written as 10X1 = 10
And divide by 2: 10 divided by 2 = 5
Half of 10 is 5. Therefore, 5X1 = 5
Another example: 5X6 = 30
But it can also be written as 10X6 = 60
And divide it in half: 60 divided by 2 = 30
Half of 60 is 30. Therefore, 5X6 = 30
This might sound complicated, but it’s fairly easy if the child has mastered the 10 times table. Moreover, it also helps the child learn division while learning how to multiply.
Hopscotch multiplication game
Learning multiplication becomes more fun when you make a game out of it. Hopscotch is a classic game that most kids love to play. So the multiplication hopscotch game is sure to get your child more enthusiastic about learning how to multiply by 5. To play the game, you’ll need a large open space and some colorful chalk.
Draw the hopscotch table on the ground and fill the blocks with the products of the 5 times table along with some random numbers. Have your child hop onto the drawn boxes as you quiz them on the 5 times multiplication table. For example: When you call 5X4, the child should jump into the block with the number 20. The child loses a turn for every wrong answer and hops ahead on the blocks for every right answer.
For more fun and unique multiplication games for kids, please check Osmo.
Practice, practice practice
While learning the 5 times table might be easy, you need to ensure that your child remembers this. So have them recite it out loud, practice on worksheets or even play multiplication games. Repeating this often will help the times tables stick in your child’s memory.