12 Times Table

Tips to learn the 12 times table easily.

So we’ve learnt the times table till 11. We’ve reached the bigger numbers now. Before we learn the 12 times table, let’s refresh our memories.

What is multiplication? And why should we learn it?

Multiplication is nothing but adding a number repeatedly. For example, if we say 10 times 5, it means the number 10 is added 5 times. 

10 X 5 = 10+10+10+10+10 = 50

So, 10 X 5 = 50.

Multiplication is a necessary skill that everyone should learn. In school, you’ll need to know how to multiply to learn more math concepts like division. Not only in school, but multiplication is a useful tool that you can use in your daily lives too. Like when you’re playing or shopping and even when you’re cooking in the kitchen.

Learning the 12 times table

Have you heard of the word, “dozen”? For example, you might’ve heard your mom asking your dad to fetch a dozen eggs on his way home from work. Have you wondered what the word means? A dozen is another word for the number 12. So, when mom asked your dad to buy a dozen eggs, she wants him to get 12 eggs. 

Now, imagine she tells you to go buy 2 dozen apples. How many apples should you buy? To know this you must learn how to multiply by 12. But learning the 12 times tables can be a bit tricky. This is because the bigger the number, the bigger the answer will be when it is multiplied. But we have a few secret tips and tricks up our sleeve. 

Secret tricks to learn the 12 times table

With these tips and tricks, you’ll be able to master the 12 times tables in no time at all. First, let’s have a look at the table of 12.

12X1=12
12X2=24
12X3=36
12X4=48
12X5=60
12X6=72
12X7=84
12X8=96
12X9=108
12X10=120

Breaking down the number

Since 12 is a big number, let’s break it down into smaller numbers. Let’s find smaller numbers that will make 12 when added together. Here are some examples.

1 + 11 = 12

2 + 10 = 12

3 + 9 = 12

4 + 8 = 12

5+ 7 = 12

6 + 6 = 12

So, now we have 6 pairs of numbers that make 12 when added together. Let’s choose the one with the easiest multiplication rule, 2 and 10.

Now let’s find out what 12 times 5 is, using this method.

12 X 5 = ?

First, let’s multiply 5 by 10, so we have:

10 X 5 = 50

Now we double the number, so multiply it  by 2:

5 X 2 = 10

Now add the two numbers together, so:

50 +10 = 60

So, 12 X5 = 60.

Let’s try another example. Let’s find out what 12 times 8 is.

12 X 8 = ?

Now we multiply 8 by 10, so we have:

10 X 8 = 80

And then we multiply the number by 2, so we have:

8 X 2 = 16

Now let’s add the two numbers to find out the answer:

80 + 16 = 96

So, 12 X 8 = 96

Spot the underlying pattern

Like the 9 and 10 times tables, the 12 times table also has a very cool underlying pattern. Once you spot this pattern, you’ll find learning the 12 times table is very easy. Look at the table below:

12x1=1 2
12x2=2 4
12x3=3 6
12x4=4 8
12x5=6 0
12x6=7 2
12x7=8 4
12x8=9 6
12x9=1 0 8
12x10=1 2 0

Do you see the pattern in the table? The numbers in the tens column (in purple) are in the sequence 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 and 12. The numbers in the tens column go up by one as you go down the times table, but every fifth row they go up by 2. For example: From 12 X 1 to 12 X 4, the numbers in the tens column are in the sequence 1, 2, 3 and 4. But in 12 X 5, the number in the tens column is 6, so it has increased by 2 from the previous row.

And the numbers in the ones column (in green) are in the sequence 2, 4, 6, 8, 0, 2, 4, 6, 8 and 0. These numbers are multiples of 2, which are repeated after 12 X 5.

Learn the 12 times table with a rhyme

A rhyme or a song always makes it easier to remember tricky things. Here is a rhyme that helps you learn the 12 times multiplication table easily.

12 times 0, 1, 2 , 3 and 4

Start with 0, 1, 2, 3 and 4

And end with 0, 2, 4, 6 and 8

But then,

12 times 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9

Start with 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10

Again it ends with 0, 2, 4, 6 and 8

And finally,

12 times 10, 11, 12, 13 and 14

Start with 12, 13, 14, 15 and 16

And this too ends with 0, 2, 4, 6 and 8.

Once you have this memorized, the 12 times multiplication will be as easy as pie!

Where there’s a will, there’s always a way!

Learning the 12 times multiplication table will take some time, dedication and practice. But these tips and tricks will help you along the way. You can also learn how to multiply by 12 using several interesting and unique multiplication games. Osmo has several unique multiplication games for kids, that make teaching multiplication to kids fun and easy. Ditch the calculator and embrace these secret tricks to ace the 12 times table.